Which of the following descriptions best defines the literary theory known as formalism ?
A. An approach that emphasizes literary devices in a text
B. An approach that emphasizes the historical context of a text
C. An approach that emphasizes the biographical intent of a text
D. An approach that emphasizes racial issues in a text
B. Formalism/New Criticism
A. Ferdinand de Saussure
B. Viktor Shklovsky
C. Roland Barthes
D. Michel Foucault
A. Billy Budd
C. Captain Ahab
A. New Historicism rejects the idea that history is neutral.
B. New Historicism does not make strict delineations between literary and non-literary texts.
C. New Historicism takes a particular interest in marginalized peoples.
D. All of the above answers are correct.
B. Criticism of life